Singh, G., & Ratner, A. (2020). Using electromagnetic waves and/or injection to facilitate operation of catalytic converters (U.S. Patent No. 10697339B2). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Singh, G., & Ratner, A. (2019). Rotary valve (U.S. Patent No. 20190331236A1). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Singh, G., Ratner, A., & Bhama, J.K. (2019). Medical devices including rotary valve (U.S. Patent No. 20190388598A1). U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.


Recent Publications

Bhama, J.K., Singh, G., & Ratner, A. (2020). Commentary: Go with the flow… dynamics! The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 159(3), e211.

Hentges, N., Singh, G., & Ratner, A. (2020). Experimental investigation of the settling of carbon-based nanoparticles in renewable jet fuelProceedings of ASME 2020 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 10: Fluids Engineering.

Jenson, G., Singh, G., Bhama, J.K., & Ratner, A. (2020). Hydrogel Leclanché cell: Construction and characterizationEnergies 13(3), 594.

Maya, D.M.Y., Lora, E.S., Andrade, R.V., Ratner, A., & Martinez, J.D. (2021). Biomass gasification using mixtures of air, saturated steam, and oxygen in a two-stage downdraft gasifier. Assessment using a CFD modeling approachRenewable Energy 177, 1014-1030.

Nascimento, F.R.M., González, A.M., Lora, E.E.S., Ratner, A., Palacio, J.C.E., & Reinaldo, R. (2021). Bench-scale bubbling fluidized bed systems around the world - Bed agglomeration and collapse: A comprehensive reviewInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy 46(36), 1840-18766.

Parveg, A.S.M.S., Singh, G., & Ratner, A. (2020). Experimental investigation of effects of graphene nano particles (GNP) on the combustion behaviors of renewable jet fuel dropletsProceedings of ASME 2020 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 8: Energy.

Samanta, A., Huang, W., Parveg, A.S.M.S., Kotak, P., Auyeung, R.C.Y., Charipar, N.A., Shaw, S.K., Ratner, A., Lamuta, C., & Ding, H. (2021). Enabling superhydrophobicity-guided superwicking in metal alloys via a nanosecond laser-based surface treatment methodACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 13(34), 41209-41219.

Samanta, A., Wang, Q., Singh, G., Shaw, S.K., Toor, F., Ratner, A., & Ding, H. (2020). Nanosecond pulsed laser processing turns engineering metal alloys antireflective and superwickingJournal of Manufacturing Processes 54, 28–37

Samanta, A., Wang, Q., Shaw, S.K., & Ding, H. (2020). Roles of chemistry modification for laser textured metal alloys to achieve extreme surface wetting behaviorsMaterials & Design, 108744.

Sharma, T., & Ratner, A. (2021). Analysis and characterization of metallic nodules on biochar from single-stage downdraft gasificationProcesses 9(3), 533.

Singh, G., Esmaeilpour, M., & Ratner, A. (2020). Effect of carbon-based nanoparticles on the ignition, combustion and flame characteristics of crude oil dropletsEnergy 197, 117227.

Wang, Q., You, H., Lowery, Z., Li, S., Fu, H., Wang, R., Lamuta, C., Toor, F., Wu, W., Ratner, A., & Ding, H. (2020). An innovative laser metasurface fabrication technique for highly flexible optoelectronic devicesJournal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing 8(1), 010901.

Zang, G., Zhang, J., Jia, J., Lora, E.S., & Ratner, A. (2020). Life cycle assessment of power-generation systems based on biomass integrated gasification combined cyclesRenewable Energy 149, 336–346

Zhang, J., & Ratner, A. (2021). Experimental study of the effects of hydrogen addition on the thermoacoustic instability in a variable-length combustorInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy 46(29), 16086-16100.

Zhang, J., Singh, G., Xu, S., Hamad, K., Ratner, A., & Xing, Y. (2020). A scalable approach of using biomass derived glycerol to synthesize cathode materials for lithium-ion batteriesJournal of Cleaner Production 271, 122518.

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